Selected readings

Biographical information on the individuals mentioned here can be found in Azimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (Doubleday and Co. Garden City, New York, 1972). The work of Foucault in the context of the development of mechanics is reported in the excellent A History of Mechanics by Rene Dugas (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1957). A fuller account is in Oscillations et Stabilite selon Foucault by Paul Acloque (CNRS, Paris, 1981). The thesis work of Kamerlingh Onnes, including pictures of his apparatus, is described by E. O. Schulz-Dubois, Amer. J. Phys. 38, 173, (1970).

H. R. Crane has had a very long standing interest m Foucault pendulums and has written numerous articles on them. In addition to the Amer. J. Phys. 63, 33 (1995)
article cited earlier as the design basis for our pendulum, there is "The Foucault Pendulum as a Murder Weapon and a Physicist's Delight" in The Physics Teacher
28, 264 (1990) which lists some of the big pendulums of the world.

Some discussion of Mach's principle, i.e. whether the stars are responsible for the inertia we observe, is found in most books on general relativity including W.
Rindler's, Essential Relativity (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977). A popular book, although now somewhat dated, is that by D. W. Sciama, The Unity of the
Universe (Doubleday, New York, 1961).

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