Kirchhoff's Current Law
|This fundamental law results from the conservation of charge.
It applies to a junction or node in a circuit -- a point in the circuit
where charge has several possible paths to travel.
In Figure 1, we see that IA is the only current flowing into the node. However, there are three paths for current to leave the node, and these current are represented by IB, IC, and ID.
Once charge has entered into the node, it has no place to go except to leave (this is known as conservation of charge). The total charge flowing into a node must be the same as the the total charge flowing out of the node. So,
Figure 1 Possible node (or junction) in a circuit