Physics Colloquium: Using Optical Forces to Probe Mechanical Response from Single Molecules to Biomaterials

Event Details

  • Speaker(s): Nancy Forde
  • Date:
  • Time: 4:00 PM
  • Location: MacN 101

Department of Physics
Simon Fraser University

Abstract

In the past decade, the ability to manipulate and measure forces exerted by single biological molecules has transformed our understanding of their mechanical response, stability, and the mechanisms by which they operate.  One of the essential tools in this revolution has been optical tweezers, which use a focused laser beam to “trap” (hold stably in three dimensions) micrometer-sized refractive particles.  In this talk, I will briefly describe how optical tweezers work and how they can be used to manipulate and probe the mechanical response of single DNA and protein molecules.  We are particularly interested in applying this technique to probe the mechanics of structural proteins such as collagen and elastin. I will then describe the technique of holographic optical tweezers, which modify the phase of a laser beam in order to generate multiple optical traps at specified locations in three dimensions within a sample.  I will discuss our work towards applying this technique to mechanical studies of protein-based biomaterials on the microscale.

Host: Robert Wickham