Problem 7-62 Energy cons. with friction - Part 3 - C

A pen of mass \(0.057 \;kg\) is sliding across a horizontal desk. In sliding \(25 \;cm\), its speed decreases to \(5.7 \;cm/s\). What was its initial speed if the force of kinetic friction exerted on the pen by the desk is \(0.15\; N\) in magnitude? Use conservation of energy.

FBD with all forces and directions indicated.

Accumulated Solution

\(E_K = (1/2)mv^2\)


The energy converted to heat is:

(A)   Unknown since we are not given the coefficient of friction.

(B)   Equal to the work done against the friction force.

(C)   Equal to the initial kinetic energy.