Intermediate Laboratory (PHYS*3510)
Code and section: PHYS*3510*01
Term: Fall 2019
Instructor: Christian Schultz-Nielsen
This modular course consists of experiments in modern and classical physics. Modules include laboratory instrumentation employing computers, modern physics, waves and optics, molecular physics, biophysics, and solid state physics.
Pre-Requisites: PHYS*2180 or (NANO*2100, PHYS*2310)
This course allows students to perform important experiments that illustrate topics discussed in third- and fourth-year physics courses. The students will obtain experience using modern laboratory instruments and practice methods of data acquisition and analysis. The student’s scientific communication skills and ability to search the scientific literature will be developed.
As discussed in the University of Guelph Undergraduate Calendar, a 0.50 credit course carries an expectation of 10-12 student-effort hours per week, including time allocated to lectures, labs, and tutorials. Students enrolled in PHYS*3510 should ensure that they allocate hours to this course every week, as the workload is significant and can become overwhelming if left to the last minute.
There are no lectures associated with PHYS*3510.
Mondays and Wednesdays 14:30 - 17:20 in MacNaughton 417.
See the semester schedule below for more details – there will not be laboratories every week.
There is no final exam associated with PHYS*3510.
Instructional Support Team
Instructor: Christian Schultz-Nielsen
Telephone: +1-519-824-4120 x56618
Office: MacNaughton 413
Lab Technician: David Urbshas
Telephone: +1-519-824-4120 x53995
Office: MacNaughton 104
Office: MacNaughton 401
- A.C. Melissinos and J. Napolitano, Experiments in Modern Physics (2nd Edition), Academic Press, 2003. (University of Guelph Library Call #: QC33.M52 2003) (Textbook)
- J.R. Taylor, An Introduction to Error Analysis: The Study of Uncertainties in Physical Measurements (2nd Edition), University Science Books, 1997. (University of Guelph Library Call #: QC39.T4 1997 (Textbook)
- D.W. Preston and E.R. Dietz, The Art of Experimental Physics, Wiley & Sons, 1991. (University of Guelph Library Call #: QC33.P74 1991) (Textbook)
Course Learning Outcomes
By the end of this course, you should be able to:
- operate various experimental physics tools and devices, including multimeters, oscilloscopes, and multichannel analyzers.
- operate as a productive and efficient member of a small team with relatively little guidance from the course instructor.
- analyze experimental data, using accepted error analysis methodologies, to verify theoretical predictions.
- follow proper scientific lab notebook protocols, including the recording of experimental data and experimental conditions, especially in cases where the student's experiment deviated from provided experimental outlines.
- demonstrate intermediate proficiency with laboratory and radiation safety protocols, including proper handling of sealed gamma-ray emitting sources.
- identify and synthesize relevant scientific literature to present a coherent scientific argument at a level appropriate to your peers.
- demonstrate proficiency at incorporating theoretical knowledge developed in other physics courses and/or the scientific literature to draw appropriate inferences and conclusions from experimental results.
B.Sc. Honours Degree
|1||Problem Solving & Critical Thinking||1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7|
|1.1||Critically evaluate ideas and arguments by gathering and integrating relevant information, assessing its credibility, and synthesizing evidence to formulate a position.||2, 3, 4, 6, 7|
|1.2||Identify problems and independently propose solutions using creative approaches, acquired through interdisciplinary experiences, and a depth and breadth of knowledge/expertise.||1, 2, 4, 6|
|1.3||Accurately interpret and use numerical information to evaluate and formulate a position.||2, 3, 4, 6, 7|
|2||Communication||4, 6, 7|
|2.1||Accurately and effectively communicate ideas, arguments and analyses, to a range of audiences, in graphic, oral and written form.||4, 6, 7|
|3||Professional and Ethical Behaviour||1, 2, 4, 5, 6|
|3.1||Demonstrate personal and professional integrity by respecting diverse points of view and the intellectual contribution of others, and by demonstrating a commitment to honesty and equity, and awareness of sustainability, in scientific practice and society at large.||2, 4, 6|
|3.2||Collaborate effectively as part of a team by demonstrating mutual respect, leadership, and an ability to set goals and manage tasks and timelines.||1, 2, 4, 5, 6|
|3.3||Plan for professional growth and personal development within and beyond the undergraduate program.||4|
|4||Scientific Method||1, 2, 3, 4, 7|
|4.1||Apply scientific methods and processes by formulating questions, designing investigations and synthesizing data to draw conclusions and make scientifically-based decisions.||1, 2, 3, 4, 7|
|4.2||Generate and interpret scientific data using quantitative, qualitative and analytical methodologies and techniques.||1, 2, 3, 4, 7|
|5||Breadth & Depth of Understanding in a Particular Scientific Discipline||2, 3, 5, 6, 7|
|5.1||Apply the core concepts of math, physics, chemistry and biology to a chosen scientific discipline.||2, 3, 6, 7|
|5.2||Demonstrate knowledge of the ethical, economic, commercial and social implications of scientific discovery and technological innovation.||5, 6|
|5.3||Interpret current scientific concepts and gaps in knowledge (and methods) in light of the historical development of a chosen discipline.||3, 6, 7|
|6||Scientific Technology & Techniques in a Scientific Discipline||2, 4, 6, 7|
|6.1||Apply contemporary research methods, skills and techniques to conduct independent inquiry in a chosen scientific discipline.||2, 4, 6, 7|
Teaching and Learning Activities
|Week||Course Activities||Assessments Due|
|1 (Sep 09 - Sep 13)||
|2 (Sep 16 - Sep 20)||Experiment #1|
|3 (Sep 23 - Sep 27)||Lab Notebook #1 (Wed Sep 25 at 16:30)|
|4 (Sep 30 - Oct 04)||Experiment #2|
|5 (Oct 07 - Oct 11)||Lab Notebook #2 (Wed Oct 09 at 16:30)|
|6 (Oct 14 - Oct 18)||
|7 (Oct 21 - Oct 25)||Experiment #3|
|8 (Oct 28 - Nov 01)||Lab Notebook #3 (Wed Oct 30 at 16:30)|
|9 (Nov 04 - Nov 08)||Experiment #4|
|10 (Nov 11 - Nov 15)||Lab Notebook #4 (Wed Nov 13 at 16:30)|
|11 (Nov 18 - Nov 22)||Experiment #5|
|12 (Nov 25 - Nov 29)||Lab Notebook #5 (Wed Nov 27 at 16:30)|
- Electron spin resonance
- Millikan oil drop experiment
- Gamma-ray spectroscopy using a NaI(Tl) detector*
- The speed of photons: Galileo's technique modernized
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
- Noise fundamentals
Waves and Optics
- The velocity of sound: the Debye-Sears experiment
- The transmission line
- Fourier optics*
- Physics of ultrasound
Final Grade Breakdown
|Lab Notebook (equal weighting for each of the 5 experiments)||40%|
|Formal Lab - Science Paper (2 experiments, equally weighted)||35%|
|Formal Lab - Poster First Draft||2.5%|
|Formal Lab - Poster Presentation||7.5%|
|Group Project (Oral Presentation)||10%|
Materials & Methods (8 marks total)
- briefly describe what was done as it is done – you should be able to reproduce the procedure from the notebook without the lab outline!
- logging experimental conditions
- data recording
- dates, run times, file names, etc.
Results & Analysis (10 marks total)
- raw data (where applicable) and quality of that data
- graphs and brief discussions of the data
- questions asked in the lab outline, including derivations
Clarity (2 marks total)
- notebook should be legible
- anybody should be able to navigate through your lab notebook
Formal Lab - Science Paper
Formal Lab - Poster (First Draft)
Formal Lab - Poster (Presentation)
Group Project (Oral Presentation)
- invention of masers and lasers by Townes
- Michelson-Morley experiment testing the luminiferous aether
- Davisson-Germer experiment proving the de Broglie hypothesis
- Stern-Gerlach experiment and the discovery of spin angular momentum
- observation of quantized energy states in atoms by Franck and Hertz
Nuclear and Subatomic Physics
- Rutherford’s alpha-particle scattering experiment
- Chadwick’s discovery of the neutron OR discovery of nuclear fission by Fermi, Hahn, Strasser, Meitner, and Frisch OR discovery of artificial radioactivity by the Joliot-Curies
Biophysics and Soft Matter Physics
- Franklin’s X-ray crystallography experiments with DNA
- Pockels-Langmuir-Blodgett trough experiments
- Perrin’s study of colloidal suspensions
Electricity & Magnetism
- discovery of electromagnetic waves by Hertz
Condensed Matter Physics
- discovery of the transistor by Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley
- experiments revealing the thermoelectric effect by Seebeck and Peltier
Course Participation & Performance
Department of Physics Laboratory Safety Policy
- γ -radiation and x-ray sources
- intense light, including laser light and strobe lights
- voltages and currents that can be harmful if proper precautions are not taken
- compressed gases
- cryogenic liquids: liquid nitrogen and liquid helium
Food and Drink in the Laboratory
After-Hours Access to the Laboratory
As per university regulations, all students are required to check their e-mail account regularly: e-mail is the official route of communication between the University and its students.
When You Cannot Meet a Course Requirement
When you find yourself unable to meet an in-course requirement because of illness or compassionate reasons please advise the course instructor (or designated person, such as a teaching assistant) in writing, with your name, id#, and e-mail contact. The grounds for Academic Consideration are detailed in the Undergraduate Calendar.
Students will have until the last day of classes to drop courses without academic penalty. The deadline to drop two-semester courses will be the last day of classes in the second semester. This applies to all students (undergraduate, graduate and diploma) except for Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Associate Diploma in Veterinary Technology (conventional and alternative delivery) students. The regulations and procedures for course registration are available in their respective Academic Calendars.
Copies of Out-of-class Assignments
Keep paper and/or other reliable back-up copies of all out-of-class assignments: you may be asked to resubmit work at any time.
The University promotes the full participation of students who experience disabilities in their academic programs. To that end, the provision of academic accommodation is a shared responsibility between the University and the student.
When accommodations are needed, the student is required to first register with Student Accessibility Services (SAS). Documentation to substantiate the existence of a disability is required; however, interim accommodations may be possible while that process is underway.
Accommodations are available for both permanent and temporary disabilities. It should be noted that common illnesses such as a cold or the flu do not constitute a disability.
Use of the SAS Exam Centre requires students to book their exams at least 7 days in advance and not later than the 40th Class Day.
For Guelph students, information can be found on the SAS website.
The University of Guelph is committed to upholding the highest standards of academic integrity, and it is the responsibility of all members of the University community-faculty, staff, and students-to be aware of what constitutes academic misconduct and to do as much as possible to prevent academic offences from occurring. University of Guelph students have the responsibility of abiding by the University's policy on academic misconduct regardless of their location of study; faculty, staff, and students have the responsibility of supporting an environment that encourages academic integrity. Students need to remain aware that instructors have access to and the right to use electronic and other means of detection.
Please note: Whether or not a student intended to commit academic misconduct is not relevant for a finding of guilt. Hurried or careless submission of assignments does not excuse students from responsibility for verifying the academic integrity of their work before submitting it. Students who are in any doubt as to whether an action on their part could be construed as an academic offence should consult with a faculty member or faculty advisor.
Recording of Materials
Presentations that are made in relation to course work - including lectures - cannot be recorded or copied without the permission of the presenter, whether the instructor, a student, or guest lecturer. Material recorded with permission is restricted to use for that course unless further permission is granted.
The Academic Calendars are the source of information about the University of Guelph’s procedures, policies, and regulations that apply to undergraduate, graduate, and diploma programs.
Please note: This is a preliminary web course description. The department reserves the right to change without notice any information in this description. An official course outline will be distributed in the first class of the semester and/or posted on Courselink.