January 2022 Stargazing Guide

Posted on Tuesday, January 4th, 2022

Video opens with Mr. Orbax standing in front of a screen with a picture of the sky and stars. Orbax speaks very enthusiastically.
-[Orbax]: Greetings junior scientists, scientists and  citizens of this great big weird wild wonderful world in which we live. As always I'm your humble science communicator the great Orbax,
-[Orbax]: coming to you from the Department of  Physics at the University of Guelph.
Footage of stars in the background get brighter and are rotating in a clockwise direction.
-[Orbax]: I'd like to welcome you to the  January 2022 Star Gazing Guide!  
Text appears saying “JANUARY 2022 STAR GAZING GUIDE”
-[Orbax]: As we usher in a hopeful, yet cold, new year.
Background changes to dark cloudy sky your challenge of winter cloud cover  will still besiege you junior scientists but be patient because when the clouds do part  there's a universe in motion just above our heads. Background changes to a picture of the universe and Orbax shrinks and disappears.
-[Orbax]: With the winter solstice behind us, daylight hours  will increase while the hours of darkness will slowly decrease.  
Orbax returns and is on the left hand side speaking while a video of the earth rotating is viewed on the right. Image of the Taurus stars connected with an image of a bull drawn overtop of the stars appears.
-[Orbax]: The constellations of Taurus the  bull and Orion the hunter continue to dominate in January as they rise in the east. Orion's belt is one of the most identifiable parts…
Image of Orion’s belt stars appear lines connecting the stars and a green arrow pointing towards the belt section of the stars
-[Orbax]: …of any constellation, something that we call  an asterism, and it is a great way to orient yourself in the night sky.
“ASTERISM” pops up at the top of the screen and an image of Orion formulates on top of the stars of Orion.
-[Orbax]: Just look for the three  stars that form the line of the belt. Alnitak, Alnilam and Mintaka.
Highlights the three stars on the belt that he is talking about as he says their names the stars get bigger and brighter.
-[Orbax]: Lepus the hare is also  visible this month appearing at the feet of Orion.
An image of the Lepus constellation appears with an image of a hare over top of it. An image of Orion’s feet appear.
-[Orbax]: The gas giants Jupiter and Saturn continue to  be visible throughout January. To the unaided eye these give the appearance of very bright stars…
Orbax continues to speak with a black background and as he says Jupiter, an image of Jupiter appears in his left hand and as he says Saturn an image of Saturn appears in his right hand
-[Orbax]: …and you should be able to catch them in the early evening.
The planets start to shrink into small glowing white dots
-[Orbax]: Look to the southwest about  6 pm early in the month and as the month goes on they'll actually be setting earlier and earlier in the day. Now while Jupiter and Saturn become less visible as the month progresses, Mars and  Venus actually become more visible.
Another image of Jupiter and Saturn re-appear on the left of Orbax when re mentions them
-[Orbax]:  These are best viewed in the morning around 7am in the southeast.  January brings with it another meteor shower.  
An image of Mars and Venus pops up to the right or Orbax. An image of the forests and night sky lit up with lots of stars is the new background to Orbax.
-[Orbax]: From January 1st to the 5th, the Quadrantids will  be emanating from the constellation Bootes in the northeast sky peaking on the night between January  3rd and 4th with over 40 meteors an hour.
“JAN 1-5” pops up on the bottom right of the screen and then the back ground switches to an image of the Bootes constellation under the Ursa Major constellation, with the Polaris star the the left of the Ursa Major.
-[Orbax]: This coincides nicely with the new moon which should  give us a dark sky for some spectacular viewing.  
Video of the night sky with meateors flying by in the sky.
Video of the moon fading away, to a black screen.
-[Orbax]: The full moon this month occurs on Monday January  17th and is known as the wolf moon. It's also…  
Screen with an image of the New Moon, First quarter Moon, Full Moon, and Third Quarter moon.
-[Orbax]: …known as centre moon, freeze-up moon, cold moon,  frost exploding moon, severe moon, hard moon… 
The text “CENTRE MOON” pops up on the screen then is replaced by “FREEZE-UP MOON” which is replaced by “COLD MOON” which is then replaced by “FROST EXPLODING MOON”. 
-[Orbax]: …canada goose moon, great moon, greetings moon and  spirit moon. 
“CANADA GOOSE MOON” text appears, which gets replaced by the text “GREAT MOON” then that gets replaced by the text “GREETINGS MOON” which then gets replaced by the text “SPIRIT MOON” then the background goes black.
-[Orbax]: The new moon this cycle occurs on January 31st meaning that without the moon in the  sky as a source of light many other constellations and planets should be highly visible.
Background is a video of the galaxy moving.
-[Orbax]: So get  out there junior scientists and take a look up.
Orbax looks up and shrinks then disappears.
-[Orbax]: Now while there are always interesting things  up in the sky, we just sent something up there ourselves.
Video of a rocket ship taking off behind Orbax talking.
-[Orbax]: NASA recently made space history with  the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, the largest and most powerful space telescope ever  built.
Footage of the Space Telescope and scientists looking at it.
-[Orbax]: Weighing the same as a school bus and the size of a tennis court, it took thousands  of scientists engineers and technicians…
Footage of a scientists working on the telescope in a large white room.
-[Orbax]: …from over 14 countries a total of 40 million hours  to build the James Webb Space Telescope. What an incredible example of what we can achieve when  we all work together.
Time-lapse of scientists working on the Telescope.
-[Orbax]: Folded up like some sort of high-tech origami the James Webb Space Telescope  was placed inside an Ariane 5 rocket where it will travel for a month until it reaches a location 1.5  million kilometres behind the earth as viewed from the sun.
Video of the telescope being encapsulated in the top of a rocket and taking off Footage of rocket soaring through space.
-[Orbax]: There, using 132 actuators and motors,  it will unfold 18 hexagonal segments to create a gold-plated mirror that measures 6.5 meters in  diameter. To give you a comparison the mirror on…  
Footage of shiny gold stuff coming out of the telescope.
-[Orbax]: …the Hubble telescope is only two and a half meters  wide. Now while the Hubble telescope explores the visible range of light, the James Webb will be  looking into the infrared.
Footage of the Hubble telescope rotating at 360 degrees
-[Orbax]: Unlike the short tight wavelengths of light in the visible spectrum,
Footage of the Hubble telescope rotating at 360 degrees.
-[Orbax]: infrared light has a longer wavelength which  
Shows an image of radiation type wavelength chart showing the approximate scale of wavelengths and how they get closer together allows it to slip past space dust more easily.
Footage zooms in on a part of the chart where it is labeled infrared and compares it to the width of a needle.
-[Orbax]: This allows information that was previously hidden to us to be seen by the James Webb Space  Telescope's instruments.   
Background changes to another galaxy picture and says on the screen “image using infrared”.
-[Orbax]: The James Webb is so sensitive that theoretically it could pick up  the heat signature of a bumblebee a distance away  
footage of another 360 view of the telescope of the moon. The JWST will search for the first  galaxies formed in the universe, study how they…  
Video of two galaxies swirling around. 
-[Orbax]: …evolve and observe the formation of stars from  stellar nurseries to planetary systems.   
Footage of rocks flying around a planet.
-[Orbax]: It will also use spectroscopy equipment to measure the  chemical composition of these planetary systems, 
Footage of rocks flying around a planet. 
-[Orbax]: including our own solar system and investigate the  potential for other forms of life in the universe.  
Image of a planet.
-[Orbax]: We look forward to seeing what the James Webb  Space Telescope will teach us in the coming years and for more information visit the NASA website.  
“www.jwst.nasa.gov” appears on the bottom of the screen.
-[Orbax]: It may be cold out there junior scientist but that doesn't mean there's a universe full of wonder out there for you to discover,   
Footage of a snowy forest from a bird’s eye view.
-[Orbax]: so put on your mitts and your jacket, get your toque and scarf and make sure you get out there and take some time to look up.
Footage of a snowy forest from a birds eye view zooming out and Orbax points up and looks up.
-[Orbax]: Thanks for listening and  don't forget to have a science-tastic day!
Footage of space in backround, Orbax points, winks, and disappears
-[Orbax]: Special thanks to Royal City Science's own planetary geochemist Dr. Glynis Perrett for her help preparing our stargazing guide.  
Orbax re-appears to the left and an image of Dr Glynis Perrett appears to the right with a subtitle “Dr. Glynis Perrett. Planetary Geochemist”
-[Orbax]: We'd also like to thank the Skyview App and the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada.
Footage of the logo for sky view app and the Montreal centre appears.

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